Give a brand new electric life to regular petrol engine vehicle to take part in the energy transition, an attractive idea ? The retrofit is for you ! This market is emerging in France but holds great promise.
What is the retrofit ?
The retrofit is the transformation of a vehicle with an internal combustion engine into an electric motor vehicle. This is a good example of a circular economy: giving old cars that are still able to be used an “electric” life rather than buying a new electric car. Electric retrofitting of vehicles is authorized in 25 countries, some of which are European. In Italy, the United Kingdom and even in Germany, where the practice has been authorized for several years, the market remains a little known niche market.
A responsible approach to participate in the energy transition
The objective is to transform polluting vehicles and for the majority old ones (from 15 to 20 years minimum). However, there are also some limits to be respected: the power must not exceed the one displayed during the homologation and the size of the battery (from 100 to 300 km of autonomy) varies according to the size of the vehicle because of the weight (10 to 15% of overweight are tolerated per axle).
For French people, the electric retrofit presents itself as an alternative to the purchase of an electric car, still far too expensive for many of them. Indeed, an electric car, in addition to its high price, requires investments which leave doubtful about the so-called long-term economy that manufacturers claim. The average price of a car retrofit is between € 10,000 for a small city car and up to almost € 50,000 for a collector vehicle. Different alternatives could quickly lower this cost, such as the industrialization of the retrofit and state subsidies.
Towards a democratization of retrofit in France
The practice of electric retrofitting on cars could soon be legalized in France. Indeed, the Orientation Law on Mobility (LOM), on air since the end of 2019, will open up the market. The homologation of converted cars will therefore be possible, with a relaxation of the law of 1954 which asked the car to be expertised by a Les Mines engineer. The implementation of the practice should be formalized in the coming months.
In addition, an association, the AIRE (Actors in the Electric Retrofit Industry) was created to “make known to public authorities, the economic world and to a larger audience the multiple benefits of turning regular engines into electric”.
Several companies are already showing interest in this promising market, such as Oscaro and the Mobivia group. The manager of Retrofuture, Arnaud Pigounides, has announced quantified targets which suggest the potential size of the market: 360,000 cars transformed in five years, or 1% of the car fleet. The turnover would be 5 billion euros and generate 40,000 jobs in France.
An entire sector to set up
The retrofit attracts enthusiasts and other owners of classic cars, determined to bring them into the clean energy era. It is positioned as an accelerator of the energy transition but for this it is necessary that an entire sector is set up: retrofiter, distributor, certifiers, financiers, raters, leaser …
Proof that the initiative is interesting: ADEME (French agency for environment and energy) has just put the subject on its agenda and Grenoble, always ahead in terms of innovation, will soon offer assistance with retrofit.